Risk Factors

A healthier America depends on numerous factors, including making changes in lifestyle and health-related behavior and treatments. The risk factor categories below show the baseline projected data for each category and the projected data to achieve the optimistic course in the study.


    Obesity    Smoking    Alcohol    Overweight    Physical Activity    Cholesterol    Air Quality    Illicit Drug Use   
 

Air Quality

The AQI is an index for reporting daily air quality. The higher the index, the greater the level of air pollution.
    1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
United States Baseline 23.90 23.74 23.00 22.84 24.27 24.51 24.85 25.93 27.37 27.96 28.86 29.24 30.13 31.19 32.25 33.36 35.15 35.83 36.37 37.52 38.90 38.45 39.44 40.09 40.96 41.67 42.59 43.47 44.49 45.57 46.59 47.46 48.33 49.17 50.02 50.94 52.01 52.90 53.80 54.71 55.62 56.54 57.48 58.42
  Optimistic 23.90 23.74 23.00 22.84 24.27 24.51 24.85 25.93 27.37 27.96 28.86 29.24 30.13 31.19 32.25 33.36 35.15 35.83 36.37 37.52 38.90 38.45 39.44 40.09 40.96 41.67 42.59 43.47 44.49 45.42 46.22 46.97 47.64 48.27 48.87 49.42 50.01 50.57 51.08 51.63 52.14 52.61 53.08 53.50
Alabama Baseline 26.64 26.46 25.63 25.45 27.06 27.32 27.70 28.90 30.51 31.17 32.16 32.59 33.58 34.76 35.95 37.18 39.18 39.94 40.54 41.82 43.35 42.86 39.84 40.28 41.16 41.87 42.80 43.68 44.70 45.79 46.82 47.68 48.56 49.41 50.26 51.18 52.25 53.15 54.06 54.97 55.89 56.81 57.75 58.70
  Optimistic 26.64 26.46 25.63 25.45 27.06 27.32 27.70 28.90 30.51 31.17 32.16 32.59 33.58 34.76 35.95 37.18 39.18 39.94 40.54 41.82 43.35 42.86 39.84 40.28 41.16 41.87 42.80 43.68 44.70 45.64 46.44 47.19 47.87 48.50 49.10 49.65 50.25 50.81 51.32 51.88 52.39 52.86 53.33 53.76
Alaska Baseline 15.40 15.30 14.82 14.72 15.64 15.79 16.02 16.71 17.64 18.02 18.60 18.84 19.42 20.10 20.79 21.50 22.66 23.09 23.44 24.18 25.07 24.78 24.96 21.01 21.47 21.84 22.32 22.78 23.32 23.88 24.42 24.87 25.33 25.77 26.22 26.70 27.25 27.72 28.19 28.67 29.15 29.63 30.12 30.62
  Optimistic 15.40 15.30 14.82 14.72 15.64 15.79 16.02 16.71 17.64 18.02 18.60 18.84 19.42 20.10 20.79 21.50 22.66 23.09 23.44 24.18 25.07 24.78 24.96 21.01 21.47 21.84 22.32 22.78 23.32 23.81 24.22 24.61 24.97 25.30 25.61 25.90 26.21 26.50 26.77 27.06 27.33 27.57 27.82 28.04
Arizona Baseline 30.06 29.86 28.93 28.72 30.53 30.83 31.26 32.61 34.43 35.17 36.30 36.78 37.90 39.23 40.57 41.96 44.22 45.07 45.75 47.19 48.93 48.37 49.15 47.28 48.31 49.14 50.23 51.27 52.47 53.74 54.95 55.97 56.99 57.99 58.99 60.07 61.33 62.38 63.44 64.51 65.59 66.68 67.78 68.90
  Optimistic 30.06 29.86 28.93 28.72 30.53 30.83 31.26 32.61 34.43 35.17 36.30 36.78 37.90 39.23 40.57 41.96 44.22 45.07 45.75 47.19 48.93 48.37 49.15 47.28 48.31 49.14 50.23 51.27 52.47 53.57 54.50 55.39 56.18 56.93 57.63 58.28 58.98 59.63 60.23 60.89 61.49 62.04 62.59 63.09
Arkansas Baseline 25.48 25.30 24.51 24.34 25.87 26.12 26.49 27.64 29.17 29.80 30.76 31.16 32.11 33.24 34.38 35.55 37.47 38.19 38.77 39.99 41.46 40.98 35.09 36.86 37.67 38.31 39.17 39.98 40.91 41.91 42.85 43.64 44.44 45.22 46.00 46.84 47.82 48.64 49.47 50.31 51.15 51.99 52.85 53.72
  Optimistic 25.48 25.30 24.51 24.34 25.87 26.12 26.49 27.64 29.17 29.80 30.76 31.16 32.11 33.24 34.38 35.55 37.47 38.19 38.77 39.99 41.46 40.98 35.09 36.86 37.67 38.31 39.17 39.98 40.91 41.77 42.50 43.19 43.81 44.39 44.94 45.44 45.99 46.50 46.97 47.48 47.95 48.38 48.81 49.20
California Baseline 35.81 35.57 34.46 34.22 36.37 36.72 37.24 38.85 41.01 41.90 43.24 43.81 45.14 46.73 48.33 49.98 52.68 53.69 54.50 56.22 58.29 57.62 58.09 54.88 56.07 57.04 58.31 59.51 60.90 62.38 63.78 64.96 66.15 67.31 68.48 69.73 71.19 72.41 73.64 74.89 76.14 77.40 78.68 79.97
  Optimistic 35.81 35.57 34.46 34.22 36.37 36.72 37.24 38.85 41.01 41.90 43.24 43.81 45.14 46.73 48.33 49.98 52.68 53.69 54.50 56.22 58.29 57.62 58.09 54.88 56.07 57.04 58.31 59.51 60.90 62.18 63.26 64.29 65.21 66.08 66.89 67.64 68.46 69.22 69.92 70.68 71.38 72.02 72.66 73.24
Colorado Baseline 21.67 21.52 20.85 20.71 22.01 22.22 22.54 23.51 24.82 25.35 26.16 26.51 27.32 28.28 29.24 30.25 31.87 32.49 32.98 34.02 35.27 34.86 35.87 35.96 36.74 37.37 38.21 39.00 39.91 40.88 41.79 42.57 43.35 44.11 44.87 45.69 46.65 47.45 48.26 49.07 49.89 50.72 51.56 52.40
  Optimistic 21.67 21.52 20.85 20.71 22.01 22.22 22.54 23.51 24.82 25.35 26.16 26.51 27.32 28.28 29.24 30.25 31.87 32.49 32.98 34.02 35.27 34.86 35.87 35.96 36.74 37.37 38.21 39.00 39.91 40.75 41.45 42.13 42.73 43.30 43.83 44.33 44.86 45.36 45.82 46.31 46.77 47.19 47.61 47.99
Connecticut Baseline 24.82 24.65 23.88 23.71 25.20 25.45 25.81 26.92 28.42 29.03 29.96 30.36 31.28 32.38 33.49 34.63 36.50 37.21 37.76 38.96 40.39 39.92 39.31 42.03 42.95 43.69 44.66 45.58 46.65 47.78 48.85 49.76 50.67 51.56 52.45 53.41 54.53 55.46 56.41 57.36 58.32 59.28 60.26 61.25
  Optimistic 24.82 24.65 23.88 23.71 25.20 25.45 25.81 26.92 28.42 29.03 29.96 30.36 31.28 32.38 33.49 34.63 36.50 37.21 37.76 38.96 40.39 39.92 39.31 42.03 42.95 43.69 44.66 45.58 46.65 47.63 48.46 49.24 49.95 50.61 51.23 51.81 52.44 53.02 53.55 54.14 54.67 55.16 55.65 56.10
Delaware Baseline 32.32 32.10 31.10 30.88 32.83 33.14 33.61 35.07 37.02 37.82 39.03 39.54 40.74 42.18 43.62 45.11 47.54 48.46 49.19 50.74 52.61 52.00 47.00 46.00 47.00 47.81 48.87 49.88 51.05 52.29 53.46 54.45 55.45 56.42 57.40 58.45 59.67 60.70 61.73 62.77 63.82 64.88 65.95 67.04
  Optimistic 32.32 32.10 31.10 30.88 32.83 33.14 33.61 35.07 37.02 37.82 39.03 39.54 40.74 42.18 43.62 45.11 47.54 48.46 49.19 50.74 52.61 52.00 47.00 46.00 47.00 47.81 48.87 49.88 51.05 52.12 53.03 53.89 54.66 55.39 56.07 56.70 57.39 58.02 58.61 59.25 59.83 60.37 60.90 61.39
District of Columbia Baseline 31.02 30.81 29.85 29.64 31.51 31.81 32.26 33.65 35.52 36.29 37.45 37.95 39.10 40.48 41.86 43.29 45.63 46.51 47.21 48.69 50.48 49.90 47.33 48.07 49.12 49.96 51.08 52.13 53.35 54.65 55.87 56.91 57.95 58.96 59.98 61.08 62.36 63.43 64.51 65.60 66.70 67.80 68.92 70.05
  Optimistic 31.02 30.81 29.85 29.64 31.51 31.81 32.26 33.65 35.52 36.29 37.45 37.95 39.10 40.48 41.86 43.29 45.63 46.51 47.21 48.69 50.48 49.90 47.33 48.07 49.12 49.96 51.08 52.13 53.35 54.47 55.42 56.32 57.13 57.89 58.60 59.26 59.97 60.64 61.25 61.92 62.53 63.09 63.65 64.16
Florida Baseline 21.25 21.10 20.45 20.30 21.58 21.79 22.10 23.05 24.33 24.86 25.65 25.99 26.79 27.73 28.67 29.66 31.25 31.86 32.34 33.36 34.58 34.18 32.93 33.76 34.50 35.09 35.87 36.61 37.47 38.38 39.24 39.97 40.70 41.41 42.13 42.90 43.80 44.55 45.31 46.07 46.84 47.62 48.40 49.20
  Optimistic 21.25 21.10 20.45 20.30 21.58 21.79 22.10 23.05 24.33 24.86 25.65 25.99 26.79 27.73 28.67 29.66 31.25 31.86 32.34 33.36 34.58 34.18 32.93 33.76 34.50 35.09 35.87 36.61 37.47 38.25 38.92 39.55 40.12 40.65 41.15 41.62 42.12 42.59 43.01 43.48 43.91 44.31 44.70 45.06
Georgia Baseline 25.60 25.42 24.63 24.46 26.00 26.25 26.62 27.77 29.31 29.95 30.90 31.31 32.26 33.40 34.54 35.72 37.65 38.37 38.95 40.18 41.66 41.18 39.61 39.36 40.22 40.91 41.82 42.68 43.68 44.74 45.75 46.59 47.45 48.28 49.11 50.01 51.06 51.94 52.82 53.71 54.61 55.51 56.43 57.36
  Optimistic 25.60 25.42 24.63 24.46 26.00 26.25 26.62 27.77 29.31 29.95 30.90 31.31 32.26 33.40 34.54 35.72 37.65 38.37 38.95 40.18 41.66 41.18 39.61 39.36 40.22 40.91 41.82 42.68 43.68 44.60 45.37 46.11 46.77 47.39 47.98 48.52 49.10 49.65 50.15 50.69 51.20 51.65 52.11 52.53
Hawaii Baseline 12.90 12.81 12.42 12.33 13.10 13.23 13.42 14.00 14.77 15.09 15.58 15.78 16.26 16.84 17.41 18.01 18.98 19.34 19.63 20.25 21.00 20.76 19.40 20.11 20.55 20.90 21.36 21.81 22.32 22.86 23.37 23.80 24.24 24.66 25.09 25.55 26.08 26.53 26.98 27.44 27.90 28.36 28.83 29.30
  Optimistic 12.90 12.81 12.42 12.33 13.10 13.23 13.42 14.00 14.77 15.09 15.58 15.78 16.26 16.84 17.41 18.01 18.98 19.34 19.63 20.25 21.00 20.76 19.40 20.11 20.55 20.90 21.36 21.81 22.32 22.78 23.18 23.56 23.90 24.21 24.51 24.79 25.09 25.36 25.62 25.90 26.15 26.39 26.62 26.84
Idaho Baseline 17.30 17.18 16.64 16.53 17.57 17.74 17.99 18.76 19.81 20.24 20.88 21.16 21.80 22.57 23.34 24.14 25.44 25.93 26.32 27.15 28.15 27.83 29.99 28.78 29.40 29.91 30.57 31.21 31.94 32.71 33.45 34.07 34.69 35.30 35.91 36.57 37.33 37.97 38.62 39.27 39.93 40.59 41.26 41.94
  Optimistic 17.30 17.18 16.64 16.53 17.57 17.74 17.99 18.76 19.81 20.24 20.88 21.16 21.80 22.57 23.34 24.14 25.44 25.93 26.32 27.15 28.15 27.83 29.99 28.78 29.40 29.91 30.57 31.21 31.94 32.61 33.17 33.71 34.20 34.65 35.08 35.47 35.90 36.30 36.66 37.06 37.43 37.76 38.10 38.41
Illinois Baseline 28.21 28.01 27.14 26.95 28.65 28.92 29.33 30.60 32.30 33.00 34.05 34.50 35.55 36.81 38.06 39.37 41.49 42.29 42.92 44.28 45.90 45.38 42.99 45.00 45.98 46.77 47.81 48.80 49.94 51.16 52.30 53.27 54.25 55.20 56.15 57.18 58.38 59.38 60.39 61.41 62.44 63.47 64.52 65.58
  Optimistic 28.21 28.01 27.14 26.95 28.65 28.92 29.33 30.60 32.30 33.00 34.05 34.50 35.55 36.81 38.06 39.37 41.49 42.29 42.92 44.28 45.90 45.38 42.99 45.00 45.98 46.77 47.81 48.80 49.94 50.99 51.88 52.72 53.48 54.19 54.85 55.47 56.14 56.76 57.34 57.96 58.53 59.06 59.58 60.06
Indiana Baseline 25.34 25.17 24.38 24.21 25.73 25.98 26.35 27.49 29.02 29.64 30.59 31.00 31.94 33.06 34.19 35.36 37.27 37.99 38.56 39.78 41.24 40.76 41.23 39.47 40.33 41.02 41.93 42.80 43.80 44.87 45.87 46.72 47.58 48.41 49.25 50.15 51.20 52.08 52.97 53.86 54.76 55.67 56.59 57.52
  Optimistic 25.34 25.17 24.38 24.21 25.73 25.98 26.35 27.49 29.02 29.64 30.59 31.00 31.94 33.06 34.19 35.36 37.27 37.99 38.56 39.78 41.24 40.76 41.23 39.47 40.33 41.02 41.93 42.80 43.80 44.72 45.50 46.24 46.90 47.53 48.11 48.65 49.24 49.79 50.29 50.83 51.34 51.79 52.26 52.67
Iowa Baseline 21.23 21.08 20.43 20.28 21.56 21.77 22.08 23.03 24.31 24.84 25.63 25.97 26.76 27.70 28.65 29.63 31.22 31.83 32.31 33.32 34.55 34.15 33.00 36.58 37.38 38.02 38.86 39.67 40.60 41.58 42.51 43.30 44.10 44.87 45.64 46.48 47.45 48.27 49.09 49.92 50.75 51.59 52.44 53.31
  Optimistic 21.23 21.08 20.43 20.28 21.56 21.77 22.08 23.03 24.31 24.84 25.63 25.97 26.76 27.70 28.65 29.63 31.22 31.83 32.31 33.32 34.55 34.15 33.00 36.58 37.38 38.02 38.86 39.67 40.60 41.45 42.17 42.86 43.47 44.05 44.59 45.09 45.64 46.14 46.61 47.11 47.58 48.00 48.43 48.82
Kansas Baseline 22.55 22.40 21.70 21.55 22.90 23.12 23.45 24.46 25.82 26.38 27.23 27.59 28.43 29.43 30.43 31.47 33.17 33.81 34.32 35.40 36.70 36.28 36.62 36.39 37.18 37.82 38.66 39.46 40.38 41.37 42.29 43.08 43.86 44.63 45.40 46.24 47.20 48.01 48.83 49.66 50.49 51.32 52.17 53.03
  Optimistic 22.55 22.40 21.70 21.55 22.90 23.12 23.45 24.46 25.82 26.38 27.23 27.59 28.43 29.43 30.43 31.47 33.17 33.81 34.32 35.40 36.70 36.28 36.62 36.39 37.18 37.82 38.66 39.46 40.38 41.23 41.95 42.63 43.24 43.82 44.35 44.85 45.40 45.90 46.36 46.87 47.33 47.75 48.18 48.56
Kentucky Baseline 25.57 25.40 24.61 24.43 25.97 26.22 26.59 27.74 29.28 29.92 30.87 31.28 32.23 33.37 34.50 35.69 37.61 38.34 38.91 40.14 41.61 41.14 39.04 39.06 39.91 40.59 41.50 42.35 43.35 44.40 45.39 46.23 47.08 47.91 48.73 49.63 50.67 51.54 52.41 53.30 54.19 55.09 56.00 56.92
  Optimistic 25.57 25.40 24.61 24.43 25.97 26.22 26.59 27.74 29.28 29.92 30.87 31.28 32.23 33.37 34.50 35.69 37.61 38.34 38.91 40.14 41.61 41.14 39.04 39.06 39.91 40.59 41.50 42.35 43.35 44.25 45.02 45.76 46.41 47.03 47.61 48.14 48.73 49.27 49.76 50.30 50.80 51.25 51.71 52.12
Louisiana Baseline 22.40 22.25 21.56 21.41 22.75 22.97 23.30 24.30 25.66 26.21 27.05 27.41 28.24 29.23 30.23 31.27 32.95 33.59 34.09 35.17 36.46 36.04 33.11 35.44 36.21 36.83 37.65 38.43 39.33 40.28 41.19 41.95 42.72 43.47 44.22 45.03 45.97 46.76 47.56 48.36 49.16 49.98 50.81 51.64
  Optimistic 22.40 22.25 21.56 21.41 22.75 22.97 23.30 24.30 25.66 26.21 27.05 27.41 28.24 29.23 30.23 31.27 32.95 33.59 34.09 35.17 36.46 36.04 33.11 35.44 36.21 36.83 37.65 38.43 39.33 40.15 40.85 41.52 42.11 42.67 43.19 43.68 44.21 44.70 45.15 45.64 46.09 46.50 46.92 47.29
Maine Baseline 19.11 18.98 18.39 18.26 19.41 19.60 19.87 20.73 21.88 22.36 23.07 23.38 24.09 24.94 25.79 26.67 28.11 28.65 29.08 30.00 31.10 30.74 28.20 28.80 29.43 29.93 30.60 31.23 31.96 32.74 33.47 34.09 34.72 35.33 35.94 36.60 37.36 38.00 38.65 39.30 39.96 40.62 41.29 41.97
  Optimistic 19.11 18.98 18.39 18.26 19.41 19.60 19.87 20.73 21.88 22.36 23.07 23.38 24.09 24.94 25.79 26.67 28.11 28.65 29.08 30.00 31.10 30.74 28.20 28.80 29.43 29.93 30.60 31.23 31.96 32.63 33.20 33.74 34.23 34.68 35.11 35.50 35.93 36.33 36.70 37.10 37.46 37.80 38.13 38.44
Maryland Baseline 26.18 26.00 25.19 25.01 26.59 26.84 27.22 28.40 29.98 30.63 31.61 32.02 33.00 34.16 35.33 36.54 38.51 39.25 39.84 41.09 42.61 42.12 41.66 38.67 39.51 40.19 41.08 41.93 42.91 43.96 44.94 45.77 46.61 47.43 48.25 49.13 50.16 51.02 51.89 52.76 53.65 54.54 55.44 56.35
  Optimistic 26.18 26.00 25.19 25.01 26.59 26.84 27.22 28.40 29.98 30.63 31.61 32.02 33.00 34.16 35.33 36.54 38.51 39.25 39.84 41.09 42.61 42.12 41.66 38.67 39.51 40.19 41.08 41.93 42.91 43.81 44.57 45.30 45.95 46.56 47.13 47.66 48.24 48.77 49.26 49.80 50.29 50.74 51.19 51.60
Massachusetts Baseline 21.42 21.27 20.61 20.47 21.75 21.96 22.27 23.24 24.53 25.06 25.86 26.20 27.00 27.95 28.90 29.89 31.50 32.11 32.60 33.62 34.86 34.46 32.54 32.27 32.97 33.53 34.28 34.99 35.81 36.68 37.50 38.20 38.89 39.58 40.26 41.00 41.86 42.58 43.30 44.03 44.77 45.51 46.26 47.02
  Optimistic 21.42 21.27 20.61 20.47 21.75 21.96 22.27 23.24 24.53 25.06 25.86 26.20 27.00 27.95 28.90 29.89 31.50 32.11 32.60 33.62 34.86 34.46 32.54 32.27 32.97 33.53 34.28 34.99 35.81 36.56 37.20 37.80 38.34 38.85 39.33 39.77 40.25 40.70 41.11 41.56 41.97 42.34 42.72 43.06
Michigan Baseline 24.00 23.83 23.09 22.93 24.37 24.61 24.95 26.03 27.48 28.07 28.97 29.35 30.25 31.31 32.38 33.49 35.29 35.98 36.52 37.67 39.05 38.60 38.28 38.15 38.98 39.65 40.53 41.37 42.34 43.37 44.34 45.16 45.99 46.79 47.60 48.47 49.49 50.34 51.19 52.06 52.93 53.80 54.69 55.59
  Optimistic 24.00 23.83 23.09 22.93 24.37 24.61 24.95 26.03 27.48 28.07 28.97 29.35 30.25 31.31 32.38 33.49 35.29 35.98 36.52 37.67 39.05 38.60 38.28 38.15 38.98 39.65 40.53 41.37 42.34 43.22 43.98 44.69 45.33 45.94 46.50 47.02 47.59 48.12 48.60 49.13 49.62 50.06 50.51 50.91
Minnesota Baseline 17.90 17.78 17.23 17.11 18.18 18.36 18.62 19.42 20.50 20.95 21.62 21.90 22.57 23.36 24.16 24.99 26.33 26.84 27.24 28.10 29.14 28.80 27.57 33.65 34.38 34.97 35.75 36.49 37.34 38.25 39.11 39.83 40.56 41.27 41.98 42.75 43.65 44.40 45.15 45.91 46.68 47.46 48.24 49.03
  Optimistic 17.90 17.78 17.23 17.11 18.18 18.36 18.62 19.42 20.50 20.95 21.62 21.90 22.57 23.36 24.16 24.99 26.33 26.84 27.24 28.10 29.14 28.80 27.57 33.65 34.38 34.97 35.75 36.49 37.34 38.12 38.79 39.42 39.98 40.52 41.01 41.47 41.98 42.44 42.87 43.34 43.76 44.15 44.55 44.90
Mississippi Baseline 23.44 23.28 22.55 22.39 23.80 24.03 24.37 25.43 26.84 27.42 28.30 28.67 29.54 30.58 31.63 32.71 34.47 35.14 35.67 36.79 38.15 37.71 35.32 38.62 39.46 40.14 41.03 41.88 42.86 43.90 44.89 45.72 46.55 47.37 48.19 49.07 50.10 50.96 51.83 52.70 53.58 54.47 55.37 56.28
  Optimistic 23.44 23.28 22.55 22.39 23.80 24.03 24.37 25.43 26.84 27.42 28.30 28.67 29.54 30.58 31.63 32.71 34.47 35.14 35.67 36.79 38.15 37.71 35.32 38.62 39.46 40.14 41.03 41.88 42.86 43.76 44.52 45.25 45.89 46.50 47.07 47.60 48.18 48.71 49.20 49.74 50.23 50.68 51.13 51.54
Missouri Baseline 24.82 24.65 23.89 23.72 25.21 25.45 25.81 26.93 28.43 29.04 29.97 30.37 31.29 32.39 33.50 34.64 36.51 37.22 37.77 38.97 40.40 39.93 42.21 42.28 43.20 43.94 44.92 45.84 46.92 48.06 49.14 50.05 50.96 51.85 52.75 53.72 54.84 55.78 56.73 57.69 58.65 59.63 60.61 61.61
  Optimistic 24.82 24.65 23.89 23.72 25.21 25.45 25.81 26.93 28.43 29.04 29.97 30.37 31.29 32.39 33.50 34.64 36.51 37.22 37.77 38.97 40.40 39.93 42.21 42.28 43.20 43.94 44.92 45.84 46.92 47.90 48.74 49.53 50.24 50.91 51.53 52.11 52.74 53.33 53.86 54.45 54.99 55.48 55.97 56.42
Montana Baseline 11.92 11.83 11.47 11.38 12.10 12.22 12.39 12.93 13.65 13.94 14.39 14.58 15.02 15.55 16.08 16.63 17.53 17.86 18.13 18.70 19.39 19.17 18.08 17.48 17.86 18.17 18.58 18.96 19.40 19.88 20.32 20.70 21.08 21.45 21.82 22.22 22.68 23.07 23.46 23.86 24.26 24.66 25.07 25.48
  Optimistic 11.92 11.83 11.47 11.38 12.10 12.22 12.39 12.93 13.65 13.94 14.39 14.58 15.02 15.55 16.08 16.63 17.53 17.86 18.13 18.70 19.39 19.17 18.08 17.48 17.86 18.17 18.58 18.96 19.40 19.81 20.16 20.48 20.78 21.05 21.31 21.55 21.81 22.05 22.28 22.52 22.74 22.94 23.15 23.33
Nebraska Baseline 19.79 19.66 19.05 18.91 20.10 20.30 20.58 21.47 22.67 23.16 23.90 24.21 24.95 25.83 26.71 27.62 29.11 29.67 30.12 31.07 32.21 31.84 30.84 31.81 32.50 33.06 33.80 34.49 35.30 36.16 36.97 37.65 38.34 39.02 39.69 40.42 41.26 41.97 42.69 43.41 44.13 44.86 45.61 46.35
  Optimistic 19.79 19.66 19.05 18.91 20.10 20.30 20.58 21.47 22.67 23.16 23.90 24.21 24.95 25.83 26.71 27.62 29.11 29.67 30.12 31.07 32.21 31.84 30.84 31.81 32.50 33.06 33.80 34.49 35.30 36.04 36.67 37.27 37.80 38.30 38.77 39.21 39.68 40.12 40.53 40.97 41.37 41.74 42.12 42.45
Nevada Baseline 31.83 31.61 30.63 30.41 32.32 32.63 33.09 34.53 36.45 37.23 38.42 38.93 40.12 41.53 42.94 44.42 46.81 47.72 48.43 49.96 51.80 51.20 51.12 50.42 51.52 52.40 53.57 54.68 55.96 57.32 58.60 59.69 60.78 61.84 62.91 64.06 65.41 66.53 67.66 68.80 69.95 71.11 72.29 73.48
  Optimistic 31.83 31.61 30.63 30.41 32.32 32.63 33.09 34.53 36.45 37.23 38.42 38.93 40.12 41.53 42.94 44.42 46.81 47.72 48.43 49.96 51.80 51.20 51.12 50.42 51.52 52.40 53.57 54.68 55.96 57.13 58.12 59.07 59.92 60.71 61.46 62.15 62.90 63.60 64.24 64.94 65.58 66.17 66.76 67.29
New Hampshire Baseline 18.04 17.91 17.35 17.23 18.32 18.49 18.75 19.56 20.65 21.10 21.77 22.06 22.73 23.53 24.34 25.17 26.53 27.04 27.44 28.31 29.35 29.01 29.69 30.34 31.00 31.53 32.23 32.90 33.67 34.49 35.26 35.91 36.57 37.21 37.85 38.55 39.35 40.03 40.71 41.40 42.09 42.79 43.49 44.21
  Optimistic 18.04 17.91 17.35 17.23 18.32 18.49 18.75 19.56 20.65 21.10 21.77 22.06 22.73 23.53 24.34 25.17 26.53 27.04 27.44 28.31 29.35 29.01 29.69 30.34 31.00 31.53 32.23 32.90 33.67 34.37 34.97 35.54 36.05 36.53 36.98 37.39 37.85 38.27 38.65 39.07 39.46 39.81 40.17 40.49
New Jersey Baseline 22.20 22.05 21.37 21.21 22.55 22.77 23.09 24.09 25.43 25.98 26.81 27.16 27.99 28.97 29.96 30.99 32.66 33.29 33.79 34.85 36.13 35.72 34.12 35.30 36.07 36.69 37.51 38.28 39.18 40.13 41.03 41.79 42.55 43.30 44.05 44.86 45.79 46.58 47.37 48.17 48.98 49.79 50.61 51.44
  Optimistic 22.20 22.05 21.37 21.21 22.55 22.77 23.09 24.09 25.43 25.98 26.81 27.16 27.99 28.97 29.96 30.99 32.66 33.29 33.79 34.85 36.13 35.72 34.12 35.30 36.07 36.69 37.51 38.28 39.18 40.00 40.70 41.36 41.95 42.51 43.03 43.51 44.04 44.53 44.98 45.47 45.92 46.33 46.74 47.11
New Mexico Baseline 23.18 23.02 22.31 22.15 23.54 23.77 24.11 25.15 26.55 27.12 27.99 28.36 29.22 30.25 31.28 32.35 34.10 34.76 35.28 36.39 37.73 37.29 38.01 40.88 41.77 42.49 43.43 44.33 45.37 46.47 47.51 48.39 49.28 50.14 51.01 51.94 53.03 53.94 54.86 55.78 56.71 57.65 58.61 59.57
  Optimistic 23.18 23.02 22.31 22.15 23.54 23.77 24.11 25.15 26.55 27.12 27.99 28.36 29.22 30.25 31.28 32.35 34.10 34.76 35.28 36.39 37.73 37.29 38.01 40.88 41.77 42.49 43.43 44.33 45.37 46.32 47.12 47.89 48.58 49.22 49.83 50.39 51.00 51.56 52.08 52.65 53.17 53.64 54.12 54.55
New York Baseline 25.70 25.52 24.73 24.55 26.10 26.35 26.72 27.87 29.42 30.06 31.02 31.43 32.39 33.53 34.67 35.86 37.79 38.52 39.10 40.33 41.82 41.34 39.37 40.62 41.51 42.22 43.16 44.05 45.08 46.18 47.22 48.09 48.97 49.83 50.69 51.62 52.70 53.60 54.52 55.44 56.36 57.30 58.24 59.20
  Optimistic 25.70 25.52 24.73 24.55 26.10 26.35 26.72 27.87 29.42 30.06 31.02 31.43 32.39 33.53 34.67 35.86 37.79 38.52 39.10 40.33 41.82 41.34 39.37 40.62 41.51 42.22 43.16 44.05 45.08 46.03 46.83 47.59 48.28 48.92 49.52 50.07 50.68 51.24 51.76 52.32 52.84 53.31 53.79 54.22
North Carolina Baseline 26.74 26.56 25.73 25.55 27.16 27.42 27.80 29.01 30.62 31.28 32.28 32.71 33.70 34.89 36.08 37.32 39.33 40.09 40.69 41.97 43.52 43.02 42.15 40.72 41.61 42.33 43.27 44.16 45.20 46.29 47.33 48.21 49.09 49.95 50.81 51.74 52.83 53.74 54.65 55.57 56.50 57.44 58.39 59.35
  Optimistic 26.74 26.56 25.73 25.55 27.16 27.42 27.80 29.01 30.62 31.28 32.28 32.71 33.70 34.89 36.08 37.32 39.33 40.09 40.69 41.97 43.52 43.02 42.15 40.72 41.61 42.33 43.27 44.16 45.20 46.14 46.95 47.71 48.39 49.04 49.64 50.20 50.81 51.37 51.89 52.45 52.97 53.44 53.92 54.35
North Dakota Baseline 13.30 13.21 12.80 12.71 13.51 13.64 13.83 14.43 15.23 15.56 16.06 16.27 16.76 17.35 17.94 18.56 19.56 19.94 20.24 20.88 21.64 21.39 20.34 22.58 23.07 23.47 23.99 24.49 25.06 25.67 26.24 26.73 27.22 27.70 28.18 28.69 29.29 29.80 30.30 30.81 31.33 31.85 32.37 32.91
  Optimistic 13.30 13.21 12.80 12.71 13.51 13.64 13.83 14.43 15.23 15.56 16.06 16.27 16.76 17.35 17.94 18.56 19.56 19.94 20.24 20.88 21.64 21.39 20.34 22.58 23.07 23.47 23.99 24.49 25.06 25.59 26.03 26.45 26.83 27.19 27.52 27.83 28.17 28.48 28.77 29.08 29.37 29.63 29.90 30.14
Ohio Baseline 27.71 27.51 26.66 26.47 28.14 28.41 28.81 30.05 31.73 32.41 33.45 33.89 34.92 36.15 37.38 38.67 40.75 41.54 42.16 43.49 45.09 44.57 42.93 42.88 43.81 44.57 45.56 46.50 47.59 48.75 49.84 50.76 51.69 52.60 53.50 54.48 55.62 56.58 57.54 58.51 59.49 60.48 61.48 62.49
  Optimistic 27.71 27.51 26.66 26.47 28.14 28.41 28.81 30.05 31.73 32.41 33.45 33.89 34.92 36.15 37.38 38.67 40.75 41.54 42.16 43.49 45.09 44.57 42.93 42.88 43.81 44.57 45.56 46.50 47.59 48.59 49.43 50.24 50.96 51.63 52.27 52.85 53.49 54.09 54.63 55.23 55.77 56.27 56.77 57.23
Oklahoma Baseline 23.73 23.56 22.83 22.67 24.10 24.33 24.67 25.74 27.17 27.76 28.64 29.02 29.91 30.96 32.01 33.11 34.89 35.57 36.10 37.24 38.61 38.17 35.11 38.36 39.20 39.87 40.76 41.60 42.58 43.61 44.59 45.42 46.25 47.06 47.87 48.75 49.77 50.62 51.48 52.35 53.23 54.11 55.00 55.91
  Optimistic 23.73 23.56 22.83 22.67 24.10 24.33 24.67 25.74 27.17 27.76 28.64 29.02 29.91 30.96 32.01 33.11 34.89 35.57 36.10 37.24 38.61 38.17 35.11 38.36 39.20 39.87 40.76 41.60 42.58 43.47 44.23 44.95 45.59 46.20 46.76 47.29 47.86 48.39 48.88 49.41 49.90 50.35 50.80 51.20
Oregon Baseline 16.72 16.61 16.09 15.98 16.98 17.15 17.39 18.14 19.15 19.56 20.19 20.45 21.08 21.82 22.56 23.34 24.59 25.07 25.44 26.25 27.21 26.90 27.44 25.12 25.66 26.11 26.69 27.24 27.88 28.55 29.19 29.73 30.28 30.81 31.34 31.91 32.58 33.14 33.71 34.28 34.85 35.43 36.01 36.60
  Optimistic 16.72 16.61 16.09 15.98 16.98 17.15 17.39 18.14 19.15 19.56 20.19 20.45 21.08 21.82 22.56 23.34 24.59 25.07 25.44 26.25 27.21 26.90 27.44 25.12 25.66 26.11 26.69 27.24 27.88 28.46 28.95 29.43 29.85 30.24 30.62 30.96 31.34 31.68 32.00 32.35 32.67 32.96 33.26 33.52
Pennsylvania Baseline 26.37 26.19 25.38 25.20 26.79 27.04 27.43 28.61 30.20 30.86 31.84 32.26 33.25 34.42 35.59 36.81 38.79 39.54 40.13 41.40 42.92 42.43 39.33 38.76 39.60 40.28 41.18 42.03 43.01 44.06 45.04 45.88 46.72 47.54 48.36 49.24 50.28 51.14 52.01 52.89 53.77 54.66 55.56 56.48
  Optimistic 26.37 26.19 25.38 25.20 26.79 27.04 27.43 28.61 30.20 30.86 31.84 32.26 33.25 34.42 35.59 36.81 38.79 39.54 40.13 41.40 42.92 42.43 39.33 38.76 39.60 40.28 41.18 42.03 43.01 43.91 44.68 45.41 46.06 46.67 47.24 47.77 48.35 48.89 49.38 49.92 50.41 50.86 51.31 51.72
Rhode Island Baseline 23.22 23.07 22.35 22.19 23.59 23.81 24.15 25.19 26.60 27.17 28.04 28.41 29.27 30.30 31.34 32.41 34.16 34.82 35.34 36.46 37.80 37.36 35.91 36.81 37.62 38.26 39.11 39.92 40.86 41.85 42.79 43.58 44.38 45.16 45.94 46.78 47.76 48.58 49.40 50.24 51.08 51.92 52.78 53.65
  Optimistic 23.22 23.07 22.35 22.19 23.59 23.81 24.15 25.19 26.60 27.17 28.04 28.41 29.27 30.30 31.34 32.41 34.16 34.82 35.34 36.46 37.80 37.36 35.91 36.81 37.62 38.26 39.11 39.92 40.86 41.71 42.44 43.13 43.75 44.33 44.87 45.38 45.93 46.44 46.90 47.42 47.88 48.31 48.74 49.13
South Carolina Baseline 25.36 25.18 24.40 24.23 25.75 26.00 26.37 27.51 29.04 29.66 30.61 31.02 31.96 33.09 34.21 35.39 37.29 38.01 38.58 39.80 41.26 40.79 38.84 36.96 37.77 38.42 39.27 40.09 41.02 42.02 42.96 43.76 44.56 45.34 46.13 46.97 47.95 48.78 49.61 50.44 51.29 52.14 53.00 53.87
  Optimistic 25.36 25.18 24.40 24.23 25.75 26.00 26.37 27.51 29.04 29.66 30.61 31.02 31.96 33.09 34.21 35.39 37.29 38.01 38.58 39.80 41.26 40.79 38.84 36.96 37.77 38.42 39.27 40.09 41.02 41.88 42.61 43.31 43.93 44.51 45.06 45.57 46.12 46.63 47.10 47.61 48.08 48.51 48.94 49.33
South Dakota Baseline 18.94 18.81 18.23 18.10 19.24 19.42 19.70 20.55 21.69 22.16 22.87 23.17 23.88 24.72 25.56 26.44 27.86 28.40 28.83 29.74 30.83 30.48 25.62 27.00 27.59 28.06 28.69 29.28 29.96 30.69 31.38 31.96 32.55 33.12 33.69 34.31 35.02 35.63 36.23 36.84 37.46 38.08 38.71 39.34
  Optimistic 18.94 18.81 18.23 18.10 19.24 19.42 19.70 20.55 21.69 22.16 22.87 23.17 23.88 24.72 25.56 26.44 27.86 28.40 28.83 29.74 30.83 30.48 25.62 27.00 27.59 28.06 28.69 29.28 29.96 30.59 31.12 31.63 32.08 32.51 32.91 33.28 33.68 34.06 34.40 34.77 35.12 35.43 35.75 36.03
Tennessee Baseline 25.74 25.56 24.77 24.59 26.14 26.39 26.76 27.92 29.47 30.11 31.07 31.48 32.44 33.58 34.73 35.92 37.85 38.59 39.16 40.40 41.89 41.40 38.75 41.74 42.65 43.38 44.35 45.26 46.32 47.45 48.51 49.41 50.32 51.20 52.08 53.04 54.15 55.08 56.01 56.96 57.91 58.87 59.84 60.83
  Optimistic 25.74 25.56 24.77 24.59 26.14 26.39 26.76 27.92 29.47 30.11 31.07 31.48 32.44 33.58 34.73 35.92 37.85 38.59 39.16 40.40 41.89 41.40 38.75 41.74 42.65 43.38 44.35 45.26 46.32 47.29 48.12 48.90 49.60 50.26 50.88 51.45 52.07 52.65 53.18 53.76 54.29 54.78 55.26 55.71
Texas Baseline 25.63 25.45 24.66 24.49 26.03 26.28 26.65 27.80 29.35 29.98 30.94 31.35 32.31 33.44 34.58 35.77 37.70 38.42 39.00 40.23 41.71 41.23 40.51 42.12 43.04 43.78 44.76 45.68 46.75 47.89 48.96 49.87 50.78 51.67 52.56 53.52 54.64 55.58 56.53 57.48 58.44 59.41 60.39 61.39
  Optimistic 25.63 25.45 24.66 24.49 26.03 26.28 26.65 27.80 29.35 29.98 30.94 31.35 32.31 33.44 34.58 35.77 37.70 38.42 39.00 40.23 41.71 41.23 40.51 42.12 43.04 43.78 44.76 45.68 46.75 47.73 48.56 49.35 50.06 50.72 51.35 51.92 52.55 53.13 53.67 54.25 54.79 55.28 55.77 56.22
Utah Baseline 25.99 25.81 25.01 24.83 26.40 26.65 27.03 28.20 29.77 30.41 31.38 31.80 32.76 33.92 35.07 36.28 38.23 38.97 39.55 40.80 42.30 41.82 41.76 39.42 40.27 40.97 41.88 42.74 43.75 44.81 45.81 46.66 47.52 48.35 49.18 50.08 51.13 52.01 52.90 53.79 54.69 55.59 56.51 57.44
  Optimistic 25.99 25.81 25.01 24.83 26.40 26.65 27.03 28.20 29.77 30.41 31.38 31.80 32.76 33.92 35.07 36.28 38.23 38.97 39.55 40.80 42.30 41.82 41.76 39.42 40.27 40.97 41.88 42.74 43.75 44.66 45.44 46.18 46.84 47.46 48.05 48.59 49.18 49.72 50.22 50.77 51.27 51.73 52.19 52.61
Vermont Baseline 22.10 21.95 21.27 21.12 22.45 22.66 22.98 23.98 25.31 25.86 26.68 27.03 27.86 28.84 29.82 30.84 32.51 33.13 33.63 34.69 35.97 35.55 35.47 33.12 33.84 34.42 35.19 35.92 36.76 37.65 38.50 39.21 39.93 40.63 41.33 42.08 42.97 43.70 44.45 45.20 45.95 46.72 47.49 48.27
  Optimistic 22.10 21.95 21.27 21.12 22.45 22.66 22.98 23.98 25.31 25.86 26.68 27.03 27.86 28.84 29.82 30.84 32.51 33.13 33.63 34.69 35.97 35.55 35.47 33.12 33.84 34.42 35.19 35.92 36.76 37.53 38.18 38.80 39.36 39.88 40.37 40.83 41.32 41.78 42.20 42.66 43.08 43.47 43.85 44.20
Virginia Baseline 19.08 18.94 18.36 18.23 19.37 19.56 19.84 20.69 21.84 22.32 23.03 23.33 24.04 24.89 25.74 26.62 28.06 28.60 29.03 29.94 31.04 30.69 33.86 29.05 29.69 30.20 30.87 31.51 32.24 33.03 33.77 34.39 35.02 35.64 36.25 36.92 37.69 38.34 38.99 39.65 40.31 40.98 41.65 42.34
  Optimistic 19.08 18.94 18.36 18.23 19.37 19.56 19.84 20.69 21.84 22.32 23.03 23.33 24.04 24.89 25.74 26.62 28.06 28.60 29.03 29.94 31.04 30.69 33.86 29.05 29.69 30.20 30.87 31.51 32.24 32.92 33.49 34.04 34.53 34.98 35.41 35.81 36.25 36.65 37.02 37.42 37.79 38.13 38.47 38.77
Washington Baseline 18.28 18.16 17.59 17.47 18.57 18.74 19.01 19.83 20.93 21.39 22.07 22.36 23.04 23.85 24.67 25.51 26.89 27.41 27.82 28.70 29.75 29.41 29.32 29.05 29.68 30.19 30.87 31.50 32.24 33.02 33.76 34.39 35.02 35.63 36.25 36.91 37.68 38.33 38.98 39.64 40.30 40.97 41.65 42.33
  Optimistic 18.28 18.16 17.59 17.47 18.57 18.74 19.01 19.83 20.93 21.39 22.07 22.36 23.04 23.85 24.67 25.51 26.89 27.41 27.82 28.70 29.75 29.41 29.32 29.05 29.68 30.19 30.87 31.50 32.24 32.92 33.49 34.03 34.52 34.98 35.41 35.81 36.24 36.64 37.01 37.42 37.79 38.12 38.46 38.77
West Virginia Baseline 22.07 21.92 21.24 21.09 22.42 22.63 22.95 23.94 25.27 25.82 26.65 27.00 27.82 28.80 29.78 30.80 32.46 33.09 33.59 34.65 35.92 35.51 33.49 34.43 35.17 35.78 36.58 37.33 38.21 39.14 40.01 40.75 41.50 42.23 42.96 43.74 44.66 45.43 46.20 46.98 47.76 48.55 49.36 50.17
  Optimistic 22.07 21.92 21.24 21.09 22.42 22.63 22.95 23.94 25.27 25.82 26.65 27.00 27.82 28.80 29.78 30.80 32.46 33.09 33.59 34.65 35.92 35.51 33.49 34.43 35.17 35.78 36.58 37.33 38.21 39.01 39.69 40.33 40.91 41.45 41.96 42.43 42.95 43.42 43.86 44.34 44.78 45.18 45.58 45.94
Wisconsin Baseline 22.75 22.59 21.89 21.73 23.10 23.33 23.65 24.68 26.05 26.61 27.46 27.83 28.67 29.68 30.69 31.75 33.46 34.10 34.62 35.71 37.02 36.60 34.85 33.98 34.72 35.32 36.10 36.85 37.71 38.63 39.50 40.23 40.96 41.68 42.40 43.18 44.08 44.84 45.60 46.37 47.15 47.93 48.72 49.52
  Optimistic 22.75 22.59 21.89 21.73 23.10 23.33 23.65 24.68 26.05 26.61 27.46 27.83 28.67 29.68 30.69 31.75 33.46 34.10 34.62 35.71 37.02 36.60 34.85 33.98 34.72 35.32 36.10 36.85 37.71 38.50 39.17 39.81 40.38 40.92 41.42 41.89 42.39 42.86 43.29 43.77 44.20 44.59 44.99 45.35
Wyoming Baseline 14.41 14.31 13.87 13.77 14.64 14.78 14.99 15.64 16.50 16.86 17.40 17.63 18.17 18.81 19.45 20.12 21.20 21.61 21.93 22.62 23.46 23.19 22.35 22.78 23.27 23.67 24.20 24.70 25.28 25.89 26.47 26.96 27.46 27.94 28.42 28.94 29.55 30.05 30.56 31.08 31.60 32.12 32.65 33.19
  Optimistic 14.41 14.31 13.87 13.77 14.64 14.78 14.99 15.64 16.50 16.86 17.40 17.63 18.17 18.81 19.45 20.12 21.20 21.61 21.93 22.62 23.46 23.19 22.35 22.78 23.27 23.67 24.20 24.70 25.28 25.81 26.26 26.68 27.07 27.43 27.76 28.07 28.41 28.73 29.02 29.33 29.62 29.89 30.16 30.40


 
 
 
Milken Institute
Milken Institute analysis based on MEPS, NHIS, etc.
For more information refer to full report “An Unhealthy America: Economic Burden of Chronic Disease” or visit www.milkeninstitute.org